مدت زمان پاسخگویی به هر سوال بین 24 تا 72 ساعت است.

لطفا قبل از 72 ساعت از پیگیری سوال و یا ارسال سوال مجدد خودداری فرمائید.

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زمان پاسخگویی به سوالات بین 24 تا 72 ساعت می باشد.

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چینش :حروف الفباشماره مسئله
مسئله شماره 2303Qasam (Oath)

Not Acting Upon the Oath Because of Emergency

Issue No. 2303- If a person does not act upon his oath on account of forgetfulness, helplessness or is forced not to act upon his oath, he is not liable for kaffāra. And if an obsessive person takes an oath like, if he says,” By Allah, I am going to offer prayers now,” and then does not offer prayers owing to the whims haunting him, which renders him incapable of acting according to the oath, and if his obsession is in such a way that he does not act according to his oath involuntarily, it is not necessary for him to give kaffāra.

مسئله شماره 2303 Qasam (Oath)

Oath Taken By a Scrupulous Person

Issue No. 2303- If a person does not act upon his oath on account of forgetfulness, helplessness or is forced not to act upon his oath, he is not liable for kaffāra. And if an obsessive person takes an oath like, if he says,” By Allah, I am going to offer prayers now,” and then does not offer prayers owing to the whims haunting him, which renders him incapable of acting according to the oath, and if his obsession is in such a way that he does not act according to his oath involuntarily, it is not necessary for him to give kaffāra.

مسئله شماره 2304Qasam (Oath)

True or Lie Oath

Issue No. 2304- If a person swears that he is telling the truth, such an oath is disliked if what he says is true, and if it is a lie it is haram and of the major sins. However, if he is forced to swear in order to save himself or another Muslim from the mischief of an oppressor, there is no harm in it, and in fact, at times it becomes obligatory. This sort of oath which is meant to prove something is quite different from the oath which was discussed earlier and which was for the performance or abandonment of an act.

مسئله شماره 2304Qasam (Oath)

Obligatory, Haraam and Makruh Oath

Issue No. 2304- If a person swears that he is telling the truth, such an oath is disliked if what he says is true, and if it is a lie it is haram and of the major sins. However, if he is forced to swear in order to save himself or another Muslim from the mischief of an oppressor, there is no harm in it, and in fact, at times it becomes obligatory. This sort of oath which is meant to prove something is quite different from the oath which was discussed earlier and which was for the performance or abandonment of an act.

مسئله شماره 2305Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

The Virtue of Waqf

Issue No. 2305- If a person makes something as a waqf, it ceases to be his property; neither he nor anybody else can gift or sell it to any person. Also, no one can inherit anything out of it. However, its selling, in certain circumstances, as mentioned in rule No. 1786, is permissible.

مسئله شماره 2306Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Waqf Formula

Issue No. 2306- The formula for endowment (waqf) can be uttered in Arabic or any language, for example, if a person says, “I have endowed my house for a certain purpose”, that will be sufficient and formal acceptance is not required, irrespective of whether it is for the public or for a particular group of people. However, the recommended precaution is that in the endowment for the general public, the Mujtahid or his representative, and in the endowment for a particular group of people, the people for whom the endowment has been made, utter the formula of acceptance.

مسئله شماره 2307Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Muatati Waqf

Issue No. 2307- An endowment can also be established and proved through indication. That is, as soon as a person constructs a mosque with an intention of endowing it for Muslims and when he hands it over to them, that will be sufficient, though he may not utter the verbal formula.

مسئله شماره 2309Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Waqf Forever

Issue No. 2309- If a person endows a property, he should, as a recommended precaution, set the beginning of the endowment from the time he is uttering the formula, and not determine an end for the endowment. Therefore, if he says, "This property will stand endowed after my death" the endowment is not in order, or if he says, “This property remains endowed for ten years from now”, it is not in order either. But, one can endow a property forever, with the condition of the first few years’ worth of its benefits being at the disposal of the endower or another person and no one else being able to make use of it.

مسئله شماره 2310Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Waqf Property must be Possessed by those for whom Was is Done

Issue No. 2310- An endowment will be valid when the property endowed is placed at the disposal of those for whom the property has been endowed, or their representative or legal guardian. However, in public endowments like mosques, schools, etc., surrendering them is not a precondition for the validity of the endowment, though the recommended precaution is that after uttering the formula, it should be placed at the disposal of those for whom the property has been endowed so that the endowment becomes complete.

مسئله شماره 2311Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Conditions of the Person Who Makes Waqf

Issue No. 2311- The person who endows a property should be mature, sane, and should enjoy free will and authority and should also be entitled legally to appropriate his property. Therefore, if a mentally incompetent person or a debtor, who has been debarred by the Islamic judge from appropriating his property, endows a property of his own, it will not be valid.

مسئله شماره 2312Rules and Conditions Regarding Waqf

Waqf for the Future Generations

Issue No. 2312- If some property is endowed for a child who is in his mother's womb, it is not in order. However, to endow a property for those some of whom are born and some are not born yet (for example if a person endows a property for his children and the succeeding generations), the endowment is in order, and those who will be born will benefit from the waqf.

پایگاه اطلاع رسانی دفتر مرجع عالیقدر حضرت آیت الله العظمی مکارم شیرازی
سامانه پاسخگویی برخط(آنلاین) به سوالات شرعی و اعتقادی مقلدان حضرت آیت الله العظمی مکارم شیرازی
آیین رحمت - معارف اسلامی و پاسخ به شبهات کلامی
انتشارات امام علی علیه السلام
موسسه دارالإعلام لمدرسة اهل البیت (علیهم السلام)
خبرگزاری دفتر آیت الله العظمی مکارم شیرازی